Automating Web Application Testing Using Sahi

by March 4, 2015 0 comments

Sahi is a free and Open Source tool that automates the process of web application testing

It is available both as a free product and as Sahi Pro, the commercial version. This tool is used by testing teams in product companies and captive IT units. Sahi is used for cross-browser/multi-browser testing of complex web 2.0 applications with lots of AJAX and dynamic content. It runs on any modern browser which supports JavaScript.
Prerequisites
You need Java 1.5 or above for running Sahi.
Installing Sahi

Step 1: Download the software form their site and double click on it to install it. If Java is configured properly, it will launch the installer.

Step 2: If the installer does not launch, or if the jar file is opened as if it is a zip file, cancel the unzip dialog. Open a command prompt, cd to where the file is downloaded, and run by following command
java -jar install_sahi_pro_xxx.jar

Step 3: Install Sahi in a folder path without spaces. (If there are spaces, Chrome will have trouble launching correctly.)

Web-Automation-testing---step3

Step 4: Start Sahi Dashboard by double clicking on the desktop shortcut in Windows and in Linux Go to
<sahi_root>/userdata/bin and run ./start_dashboard.sh
The Sahi Dashboard automatically starts the Sahi proxy, and allows launching of configured browsers. Sahi looks for browsers in their default install location, and if found, displays it on the Dashboard.
Step 5: Bring up the browser of your choice by clicking on any of the browser icons. You should see a browser window like the one shown here. We have selected Google chrome.
Step 6: Press Alt and double click on the browser window. Sahi’s Controller window will pop up. If that does not work, press Ctrl and Alt keys together and then double click. Make sure popup blockers are turned off. On the Controller, go the Record tab which records your session.

Web-Automation-testing---step5

1.    Give Pquest.sah or the name or your choice for the script, and click Record.
2.    On the browser, you get an option like the one shown here. For testing purpose, we click on the Sample Application link on Sahi’s start page.
3.    This will bring up Sahi’s sample application.

Step 7: Enter username ‘test’ and password ‘secret’ and click Login
The last recorded step will be visible in the Evaluate Expression box.

Web-Automation-testing---step7

Step 8: On the next page, which shows a shopping cart, add quantities 2,3,1 and click Add. This will display the added items at the bottom and its total.

Web-Automation-testing---step8

Add assertions
Step 9: A script normally consists of actions performed on the web page and then verification of functionality. For verifications, we use assertions. Sahi allows adding assertions while recording. Follow these steps to add an assertion on the total field:

Web-Automation-testing---step13
1.    Move the mouse over any html element while pressing Ctrl key.
2.    The Accessor field will get populated in the Controller.
3.    In this case, we hover over the text field near Grand Total.
4.    Click the Assert button to generate assertions for the element.
5.    They will appear in the Evaluate Expression box.
6.    Click Test –> to check that the assertions are true.

Web-Automation-testing---step8

7.    Once satisfied, click on Append to Script. This will add the assertions to the Script.
8.    Click Logout to logout of the application.
9.    Click Stop on the Controller to finish recording.
Note that the Controller can be closed and reopened at any time, without disrupting the recording.

Step 10: Playing back
Enter the script name. In our case, it is Pcquest.sah in the File field. It can also be filled with the help of the auto completion feature.
1.    Enter the Start URL source e.g. http://www.xyz.com. In our case it is http://sahi.co.in/demo/training/’.
2.    Click Set.
3.    Wait for the page to reload.
4.    Click Play.

Web-Automation-testing---step9

The system will start executing the steps, and the Controller will be updated accordingly. Once finished, SUCCESS or FAILURE will be displayed at the end of the steps.

Step 11: View Logs
In the step 11, On the Controller, go to Playback tab and click on View Logs link at the bottom right. It will open a window with the results in html.

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To view detailed logs of any script, select the one which you want to see as in the image here.

Web-Automation-testing---step11

If you want to see the exact line in script, click on a
line in the logs which will further open up the exact line of the script. You can also view the logs at
http://localhost:9999/logs.

Web-Automation-testing---step12

Sahi is the tool that can run scripts in parallel on multiple instances of Internet Explorer. Sahi works even when elements do not have IDs. Sahi uses relational APIs like _in, _near, _under, _leftOf, _rightOf etc. to uniquely identify elements. Sahi automatically waits for page loads and ajax activity and you can use it for testing more things as well.

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