by March 4, 2009 0 comments



With the deepening economic slowdown enterprises have started looking hard at
optimizing their IT budgets, in some cases even resorting to free and Open
Source solutions and softwares to address to their needs. The adoption of Open
Source in enterprises will automatically imply a need for employees having
familiarity with Open Source technologies. Here we look at what all
opportunities that you can look at to start a career in the Open Source domain

Today, many applications are being developed in the Open Source environment
and are gaining wider acceptance. Open Source is no longer synonymous to Linux
and Java, but has matured to several middle-ware, ERP, BI and other enterprise
applications. A recent survey by Gartner suggests an increasing role for Open
Source as part of business strategies in the coming years. Numerous developers
from around the world are contributing to Open Source software and the ratio of
contributing developers is witnessing a higher growth. Sun Microsystems, Google,
SourceForge, Apache and many other organizations have several Open Source
projects hosted and supported by them. It’s not only the developer community
that has been actively collaborating to build Open Source solutions all the
while, but even enterprises are showing interest in the business viability of
Open Source solutions. Hearing all the buzz about the Open Source model and its
adoption by organizations, and looking at the number of organizations that are
initiating their own Open Source projects, one is tempted to wonder how to make
a career in this wide arena.

How to start a career in Open Source
Open Source is a wide domain and there isn’t any fixed path that one can
tread to make a career. There are two ways in which one can kick-start a career
in Open Source technologies. The first will pay you while the second will cost
you. You can get trained in one of the Open Source technologies and subsequently
be hired by an enterprise where it is used. The other way encompasses the true
essence of the Open Source, of not just being a user but a contributor.
Contributing to Open Source doesn’t pay you unless you are working for an
organization that distributes under the BSD license, like Red Hat or Sun.
Contributing to Open Source doesn’t cost you a dime, but you need to devote time
and effort, and this pays you in form of recognition in the Open Source arena.

Not everyone is lucky enough to get hired by an IT enterprise where he or she
could get involved in a high-profile project of their interest that would also
help them in career growth. In fact, people with the necessary skills and
knowledge strive hard but are not able to get the work or project where their
interest lies. Open Source on the other hand, gives you that opportunity where
you can choose the project of your choice; the project that matches your skills
and also your area of interest. Open Source projects are typically created as
collaborative efforts where programmers improve upon the code and share the
changes within the community. The kind of contribution you make for an Open
Source project is visible and can land you job offers from enterprises that want
pros in that domain. Certifications do acknowledge your skills and are generally
accepted by the industry, but your work for an Open Source project is visible
and gives instant proof of your knowledge to a prospective employer.

Every component in our software product portfolio is
based on, or stems from an Open Source heritage

How has the Open
Source domain evolved in recent times? What are the notable trends ?

Santhosh
d’Souza
, CTO, Sun Microsystems


Open Source technologies are finding increasing acceptance in the
enterprise for a variety of reasons. Economic factors have always played a
big role in the re-evaluation of IT infrastructure, resulting in strategies
like cloud computing, virtualization and adoption of Open Source software in
the enterprise. The maturity of several Open Source projects and enterprise
class support options that are available now for Open Source applications
also accelerates the adoption of such software. Sun Microsystems fosters and
reflects these trends in our technology strategy and business models. The
recognition by enterprises that a slew of Open Source technologies are well
supported by vendors like Sun Microsystems has resulted in those
technologies being deployed and used in mission critical environments.

How can a developer benefit from contributing to an Open Source
project? Do enterprises recognize such contributions while recruiting?
Participating and contributing to an Open Source project provides
several benefits to a developer: such a project allows a developer the
chance to work on a product through it’s life cycle. There are no
constraints on the amount of time and the scope of the contribution thus
enabling the developer to devote as much time as is available to him, and so
also to develop brand new code, optimize existing code and/or fix problems
reported by users of the code.Participating in Open Source projects also
enables a developer to work on cutting edge technologies and frameworks.
Most of the best known developers across the world are active in one or more
Open Source projects. Enterprises are increasingly evaluating Open Source
expertise and such experience is now sought after in prospective IT
employees.

Open Source as the first step
As the source code of Open Source is available, it gives you the opportunity
to fix possible bugs, which is not possible with proprietary closed source
products. For instance, if you want to learn how a web server establishes
HTTP1.1 request, you need to put sniffer tools to a web server like IIS. But
with Apache web server, which is Open Source, you can directly peek in the code
of the server and know how the request handling works. It’s not necessary that
you have to change or modify the source code to become a contributor. You can
join projects at sites like SourceForge, Codeplex, Google Code or even start
your own project. Alternatively, you can join commercial Open Source projects
where the chances of being paid for the contributions are also high. Fedora,
Mozilla, Apache, Alfresco, Pentaho, etc are some of the commercial Open Source
projects that require specific skills. Once you join a project of your choice,
you can start things off by being a tester of the project while gaining more
understanding of the technology behind it. And then you can start filing
bug-reports and provide their solutions. You can also contribute towards the
project by doing its documentation.

Shankar
Iyer,

Director — Learning Services, Red Hat

As Open Source technologies are gaining
maturity there is a paradigm shift from it being just a technology fad to
today being a mainstream business reality. With Open Source technologies
having clearly proven themselves all these years in assuring performance,
security and scalable solutions while lowering TCO, there is substantial
momentum towards deploying Linux and other Open Source technologies within
enterprises. Security is another area which is robustly addressed by Linux.
The technical workforce for Linux has increased manifold in the last few
years, which is just the tip of the iceberg. As the trained technical
workforce meets only 1/3rd of the Linux jobs at present, the future is
bright for Open Source enthusiasts.

As a developer you can learn various coding methodologies being adopted,
which you could have otherwise learned at later stage of career in an
enterprise. Your contribution enhances your resume and presents your credentials
to the prospective employer. So engaging in Open Source projects in college and
during free time benefits you in knowledge enhancement as well as adds
credentials to your resume. If you had been involved with commercial Open Source
projects like Jboss, Alfresco, PostgreSQL, etc. there are chances that your
contribution could land you a job from parent companies. Also companies that
provide support and services for that technology can offer a position matching
your contribution.

Young engineers who consider
Open Source as a career option can begin their career without any fear
irrespective of cost-cutting or economic slowdown, for Open Source is a
great alternative which suddenly has gained huge popularity

Naresh Shah,
Managing Director, IDC & Vice President, Global Engineering Strategy,
Novell India

How do you see Open Source as a career
option for beginners in the current economic slowdown?
Well, if I talk of today’s scenario, one should probably be more
interested in the Open Source software rather than any other industry. There
are two aspects in this field: wider group of developers who are being
involved in communities, others are involved in a proprietary software in
companies, which tends to be cheaper. In general, if companies are looking
for rationalizing the cost structure the Open Source is much viable.

In how many ways can a professional
contribute to Open Source?
In Open Source community there are many freelancers, who are
contributing to several Open Source projects. There are professionals also
in the company where they work, and then in free time, according to their
interests, contribute to their Open Source project. So generally there are
lot of freelancers who are participating in Open Source area. Definitely,
companies do look for hiring people either in India or abroad who are better
known and have made significant contributions in Open Source environment.

Opportunities in Open Source
As enterprises adopt more and more Open Source solutions, they seek
employees with familiarity and competence in Open Source technologies. There are
various ways in which a professional can progress in this domain. He can be a
consultant to an organization which is implementing an Open Source solution like
a mail server or security solution. On the other hand, there are organizations
which are providing support and services for Open Source solutions and are also
engaged in the development of such solutions. You can join organizations such as
Red Hat or Sun Microsystems and work for the development as well as support for
the product.

Chandika
Mendis,
Director and Head of Global Technology Office, Virtusa

There will be continuing demand for Open
Source savvy engineers to support, enhance and maintain Open Source based
systems and solutions. Involvement in Open Source brings a lot of visibility
to talented individuals who would otherwise not have an opportunity to
showcase their creativity. Open Source also touches many aspects of the
software development profession. Publicly recognized work and code is always
a good thing to have, especially when joining software engineering
organizations such as Virtusa. In an interview you will not only be able to
showcase your past experience, but how well your code or tool has been peer
reviewed and accepted by a larger global community.

To start off, you’ll have to develop skills over a product and then target
the company which is into support and services for that product. Else, if you
aim to be a consultant, you would have to start building your portfolio. You can
help an organization to setup the Open Source product and implement it and then
offer your expertise over that product for support and services. For example, if
an organization needs to implement an ERP package, it can either opt for tried
and tested proprietary software from SAP or Oracle that would cost them a
fortune or they can look at Open Source ERP packages like OpenBravo and
implement them, for which they will just have to just pay for support and
customization. But for implementing such packages and integrating them with
other services within the organization, they need professionals who have
expertise over that product.


Open source technologies and
products to watch out for…

Domain

Technology/ Product

Additional Information
Middleware
Suites
Glassfish,
Jboss, Apache Geronimo
GlassFish is a
Sun supported project. You can join the project or one of its several
subprojects at glassfish.dev.java.net. While RedHat provides a commercial
support for Jboss, a Java EE background will help you gain advanced skill
over these enterprise application suite.
ERP OpenBravo,
OpenERP
SourceForge
lists hundreds of open source ERP projects. You can gain expertise in these
to provide support services to organizations in India
BI Suites Pentaho You can join
this BI and DataWare house community at Pentaho.com. It is known that
Pentaho has hired contributors to the community into the organization.
Enterprise
Content Management
Joomla, Mambo,
Alfresco
Gaining
expertise in one such open source ECW product can land you implementation
projects from organizations as they look for open source experts to help in
its implementation and deployment.
Databases MySQL,
PostgreSQL
Sun provides
certifications for MySQL database. You can be a contributor or else you can
gain knowledge of the database as that might help you land up a DBA role for
organization using an open source database.
Operating
System
Linux, Solaris For Linux you
can join organizations that provide Linux distros like RedHat and Fedora,
while OpenSolaris, which is Sun supported, can be joined as a project at
opensolaris.org.
Programming
Languages
Java, Perl, PHP Java, Perl and
PHP form the basis of many frameworks and other scripting languages. The
demand for developers in these open source technologies and frameworks will
always be there.

The Open Source domain is not restricted to developers alone. Technical
writers, legal advisors, etc are also required by Open Source projects. A
technical writer shall do documentation for a project and that will help him in
getting his work and knowledge acknowledged during recruitment.

Career Path
The career path for a professional will typically start from a programmer or
developer, and then with experience, such a professional will be handling
responsibilities like implementing, deploying and architecting the strategies
around open source product deployment for an organization. With experience under
his belt, the professional can then venture into the consultancy arena, or can
move up his career to be a strategy officer for the organization who will be
directing the complete open source adoption or initiative within the enterprise
by evaluating products which will be the best fit solution for the organization.
The career in open source domain can be rewarding, but the major hitch will be
how you set off your career in this domain. One cannot just make a career as
being a contributor towards a project, unless you are being paid for the
contribution.

You reap the fruits of devoting time to open source projects by the
contributions you make to open source. Enterprises are recognizing such
contributions and that helps in being recruited by organizations for the open
source technologies. The table below suggests some of the open source projects
and some commercial open source products which you can join and gain expertise
on to have a career as open source specialist in that field.

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