by October 26, 2010 0 comments

IT security and control firm Sophos has published the latest report into the ‘Dirty Dozen’ spam-relaying countries, covering the third quarter of 2010. Since the second quarter this year, the spam output from the United States has increased significantly from 15.2% to 18.6% of global spam, making the country responsible for nearly one in five junk emails, and meaning that the USA contributes nearly 2.5 times more spam than the next worse offender, India.

The UK finds itself dropping one position since the previous quarter, from fourth to fifth place and is now responsible for relaying 5% of all spam this quarter. Almost all of this spam comes from malware-infected computers (known as bots or zombies) that are being controlled by ‘botherder’ cybercriminals.  One of the primary tactics used by cybercriminals to grow botnets involves tricking computer users into clicking malicious links – either contained in spam email or social networking messages – which direct computers to malware infected webpages. Sophos also notes a rise in social networking spam during Q3 2010, with the widely reported ‘onMouseOver’ exploit creating spam tweets on Twitter, and a raft of Facebook scams that have been created by spammers to generate money from survey websites. One Facebook spammer has, however, recently been fined for using the social network to promote the sale of drugs.  Canadian Adam Guerbuez was fined US$100 for every one of the 4,366,386 spam posts he made, resulting in total fine of US$873.3 million.

The best way for computer users to reduce the risk of being compromised is to run anti-spam and anti-malware protections, behave sensibly when online, and ensure systems are up-to-date with security patches. Sophos recommends that companies automatically update their corporate virus protection, and run a consolidated solution at their email and web gateways to defend against spam and viruses.

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